We develop two almost straightforward way to compute the Fourier transform of $\exp(-cx^2)$, in the sense that any contour integration and the calculus of residues are not required at all. The first cool approach enables us to think about these elementary concepts much deeper, so I highly recommend to study this approach as long as you are familiar with ODE of first order.
In this episode we focus on the rational field. What can we know about the Galois group of an irreducible polynomial with prime degree? There is a method by counting the number of nonreal roots. From this, we obtain an algorithm to compute the Galois group.
We try to prove the fundamental theorem of algebra, that the complex field is algebraically closed, using as little analysis as possible. In other words, the following proof will be *almost* algebraic.